Not so surprisingly, the Swiss researchers found in European hereditary material DNA of people from the Caucasus.
He – Caucasus – specifically Georgia and more recently claim to be the birthplace of the first Europeans. And therefore, and the cradle of European civilization. But the roots of this relationship may go much deeper than a measly ten thousand years.
A series of stunning palaeontological discoveries is challenging the conventional view that Africa is the sole cradle of humankind. Scientists have found a number of ancient human skulls at an archaeological site near the village of Dmanisi (Georgian: დმანისი) in Georgia that suggest a Eurasian chapter in the evolutionary story of mankind.
Experts believe the fossilized bones date to about 1.8 million years ago and are the oldest indisputable remains of humans discovered outside of Africa.
An international team, led by David Lordkipanidze (Director of the Georgian National Museum), found the first human jaw there in 1991. Between then and 2007, fossils from six individuals have been found at the Dmanisi site. Two have been given Georgian names, Zezva and Mzia (Georgian: ზეზვა და მზია), and have been reconstructed by artists to show how they may have looked. By a unanimous decision of the scientific community, the couple was named “first Europeans” because their remains – the oldest found in Europe. In addition, there were found the remains of stone age cultures from the lower Paleolithic to Neolithic. Scientists have made Georgia the number of those regions of the planet, which is probably proishodyaschie human types and kinds, what started the resettlement of people in other areas of Eurasia.
Zezva and Mziya – the representatives HomoGeorgicus. Specifically managed to dig up six skulls and skeletal remains of. The Dmanisi hominins were about 1.4 meters (4 feet 9 inches) tall, with small brains and legs more developed than their arms, showing that they were good runners. The ability to run fast would have been very useful as they lived alongside predators like saber-toothed tigers, whose skulls have also been found at the site.
It is recognized that it is the oldest bones found outside of Africa, where, as is commonly thought, millions of years ago the monkey became the first human traits.
The Dmanisi site is huge, over 13,000 square meters of which about one per cent has been excavated. It is also vulnerable to rain, wind and frost.
To protect the site, Lordkipanidze plans to erect a 2,000-square-metre dome of steel and glass, which would also extend the number of months each year in which fieldwork can continue. The dome will house an on-site laboratory to analyse the finds and an on-site museum for the growing stream of visitors.
“The world should know that we are preserving a world heritage, not just ours,” says David Lordkipanidze.
Scientists now do not rule out that the whole European civilization originated from humanoid Georgians, who eventually settled in the mountains. While some of them returned to Africa and climbed a few stages of evolution. But then again came to Europe. But some remained. So true, indigenous Georgians seems to be those who descend from ancestors found in Dmanisi. The rest comes from elsewhere – the second wave of resettlement from Africa.